describe the key elements that define a nation nationality

Nationality definition, the status of belonging to a particular nation, whether by birth or naturalization: the nationality of an immigrant. Even the word plemya (tribe), which in the twentieth century was applied to primitive communities, often meant a nation in the nineteenth. So awareness, territory, history and culture, language and religion all matter. Just as the expert Orientalist believed that only he could speak (paternally as it were) for the natives and primitive societies that he had studied – his presence denoting their absence – so too the Zionists spoke to the world on behalf of the Palestinians. One could argue that a nation is not something that ‘is’, but rather it is something that ‘does’. One crucial question is whether – and to what extent – a group must be aware of its alleged distinctiveness from other groups, in order to be classed as a nation. Don't worry - you're not alone! Nor did Belinsky's search for Russian national tradition in the Europeanized culture of the educated classes have a significant following. It involves inevitable shoehorning of a people under a simplified set of cultural or other characteristics. For example, China uses cost leadership by exporting low-cost products at a reasonable quality level. the term ‘nation’ refers to a group of people who identify themselves as belonging to a particular nation group, who are usually ensconced on a particular historical territory, and who have a sense of affinity to people sharing that territory. A search for manifestations of narodnost in literature, art, and music began. Civic nations and ethnic nations as defined here are ideals that do not exist in reality, for most nations combine civic and ethnic characteristics, and either civic or ethnic features may predominate in any given community. The concepts of nation and nationality are extremely difficult to define. Moore goes on to say, echoing our discussion above, that. There are other would-be objective approaches to what might signify nation-ness, including statehood, ethnicity and naturalness. Nationalism has been one of the most powerful forces shaping modern political life in Europe since at least the eighteenth century. There can be two or more Nationalities living in one State: There can be two or more than two nations within a single State. . So when a nationality demands for a homeland of its own, it becomes a nation. Map-making became a national obsession. Some of the factors that are considered as elements of national power by most scholars include geography, natural resources, population, leadership, quality of governance, extent of economic development, industrial capacity, technology, military, ideology, national character & morale, diplomacy, foreign support Developed Countries refers to the soverign state, whose economy has highly progressed and possesses great … This raises an important further question: does the awareness constitute the group, or the other way around? By using sociological categories as the basis for organizing, classifying, and rewarding people, the communists were obliged to treat as concrete realities factors that, as they themselves recognized, were actually artificial constructs. From a subjective point of view, history, religion and language, for example, still count, but awareness and acceptance of a claim that X is a nation among the people of the supposed national group – a real consciousness that this is a group and I am part of it – is the crucial ingredient. (1994). The future minister of enlightenment, Count Sergei Uvarov, stated that the three pillars of Russia's existence were Orthodoxy, Autocracy, and Nationality (narodnost, i.e., national character manifested in the folk tradition). After the February Revolution of 1917, in the discourse of elites as well as in popular usage, the upper classes, termed burzhui (the bourgeoisie), were excluded from the nation. Only communities with their own union or autonomous republics were considered socialist nations. (1997). Nationality, as the name suggests, is something in connection with the nation, which a person obtains by birth and is innate. One might argue that a nation not only imagines itself, others imagine it too, and offer constructions or representations of it as a friend or as an enemy. In 1913, Stalin affirmed that "a nation is not racial or tribal, but a historically constituted community of people" (Hutchinson and Smith 1994, p. 18). (2000). At the same time, a competing definition of the nation as a voluntary civic community of equal citizens, regardless of ethnic origin, is gathering strength. the term ‘nation’ refers to a group of people who identify themselves as belonging to a particular nation group, who are usually ensconced on a particular historical territory, and who have a sense of affinity to people sharing that territory. According to one important view, a nation is a sovereign people—a voluntary civic community of equal citizens; according to another, a nation is an ethnic community bound by common language, culture, and ancestry. Declaring that the Old World and New World had different systems and must remain distinct spheres, Monroe made four basic points: (1) the United States would not interfere in the internal affairs of or the wars between European powers; (2) the United States recognized and would not interfere with existing colonies and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere; (3) the Western … ." How can we weigh different histories, traditions, religions, languages? Usually a nation meets at least a few, though not all, of these criteria: * A common culture. "The Soviet Union as a Work-in-Progress: Ethnographers and the Category Nationality in the 1926, 1937, and 1939 Censuses." Notice also how seeing ‘nation’ as a symbol and a construct makes it a dynamic concept. Nationalism is the belief that your own country is better than all others. When it comes to defining a particular nation, potent mixes of historical fact and myth are common: ‘“to forget and – I will venture to say – to get one’s history wrong are essential factors in the making of a nation” [Renan] and “Nationalism requires too much belief in what is patently not so” [Hobsbawm]’ (quoted in Archard, 1995, p. 472). The founders of the Soviet state, Vladimir Lenin and Josef Stalin, followed Karl Marx's perception of nations as historically contingent and modern rather than primordial communities. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Alternative Names The subjective approach is generally favoured by theorists. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and After the Soviet Union. As soon as a nationality secures political independence it becomes a nation.” Thus a nation is the total of a nationality plus statehood. It also explores several additional elements that can be found in some national security strategies; these additional elements are not strictly necessary for the strategy to be viable, but are intended to strengthen the document or the government’s ability to implement it. Culture is transmitted form one generation to another. These ‘imaginings’ matter. The bibliographer Nikolai Rubakin's survey of the debate on the national question in Russia and Europe (1915) divided the definitions of a nation into three categories: psychological—nations are defined by a subjective criterion, such as the will to belong voluntarily to the same community, as exemplified by the French tradition; empirical—nations are defined by objective characteristics, such as language, customs, common history, sometimes common religion and laws, as exemplified by the German tradition; and economic materialist—nations are a modern construct typical of capitalism, as maintained by Marxists. Although the concept of nation was developed in Western Europe and was not applicable to Russia for much of the nineteenth century, the question of what constituted a nation and nationality were debated passionately. The three key elements that must be present for a situation of trafficking in persons (adults) to exist are therefore: (i) action (recruitment, …); (ii) means (threat, …); and (iii) purpose (exploitation). This development was a result of the government's "extreme statism." London: Sage. For example, in the words of Weizman: From 1967 to the present day, Israeli technocrats, ideologues and generals have been drawing maps of the West Bank. As we shall see further below, nationalism has a dark side. Encyclopedia.com. All of this is routine and familiar, on one level. There is plenty of scope for the making of representations, in the form, for example, of constructing and presenting national myths which can be fuel for imagining communities in Anderson’s sense. Beliefs do not need to be true for people to hold to them and act as if they were true; ‘A group of individuals united in and by the false belief that they share a common history might act collectively and thereby initiate a common history’ (Archard, 1995, p. 475). Instead, the exclusion of the upper classes from the narod by the early Slavophiles was further developed by the writer and socialist thinker Alexander Herzen in the late 1840s and the early 1850s and by members of the populist movement in the 1870s. In approaching the history of ethnicity in ninetee…, Culture Name It is not necessary to specify which traits define a group seeking self-determination. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. By 1939, a list of fifty-nine major nationalities (glavnye natsionalnosti ) was produced. ‘Nation’ as a word and a label is still evolving, and being applied in new contexts. In 1819, the poet Peter Vyazemsky coined the term narodnost in reference to national character. All governments regulate, to some degree, citizen education, language, culture, sport, travel and so on, and by so doing they establish and reinforce some ‘national’ attributes and discourage others. Classifications are vital to establishing political centres and peripheries on the ground; they are constructions that do real work, and upon which people act. Nation-states have their own characteristics that today may be taken-for-granted factors shaping a modern state, but that all developed in contrast to pre-national states. Guibernau (1996, p. 47) has defined the nation as: ‘a human group conscious of forming a community, sharing a common culture, attached to a clearly demarcated territory, having a common past and a common project for the future and claiming the right to rule itself’. * A shared definable geographical location. Zionism always undertakes to speak for Palestine and the Palestinians; this has always meant a blocking operation, by which the Palestinian cannot be heard from (or represent himself) directly on the world stage. When one looks more closely at the sheer diversity of those entities that we call ‘nations’ and ‘states’, the strong view expressed by anthropologist Clifford Geertz becomes understandable: ‘The illusion of a world paved from end to end with repeating units that is produced by the pictorial conventions of our political atlases, polygon cut-outs in a fitted jigsaw, is just that – an illusion’ (Geertz, 2000, p. 229). Although Lenin and Stalin followed Marx's belief in the eventual disappearance of nations in the post-capitalist world, they accepted that nations would continue to exist for some time and that their aspirations would need to be satisfied during the construction of socialism. 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